HIPAA addresses three basic issues
- The privacy rule protects the privacy of individually identifiable health information.
- The security rule sets national standards for the security of protected health information.
- The patient safety rule protect identifiable information being used to analyze patient safety events and improve patient safety.
Medical information that can personally identify you can not be disclosed without your consent, but with some exceptions. Those providing you with medical care can always disclose your information to other parties if they believe it is required for proper medical care. Those paying for your health care or health insurance, like your employer or your insurance company, can view parts of your medical record that are relevant to making payment decisions.
Depending on your state’s law you may have a right to sue if an invasion of privacy or a breach of doctor patient confidentiality occurred.